Decentralized Autonomous Organizations from a legal perspective.

Smart contracts are an idea that date back to the 1990’s [1]. Until very recently and practically speaking even now smart contracts are difficult if not impossible to create in practice. The implementation of a decentralized, trustless public ledger provided an important component for smart contracts to become practically viable. Some thinkers have taken the idea further and envisioned corporations or non-profit organizations structured as smart contracts. In 2014 a project called Ethereum [3][4] set out to create a platform devoted to smart contracts bringing smart contracts a step closer to reality. Ethereum went live on July 30 2015 [5]. It is now possible to create in code (or with visual tools) a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) [8] on the

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Smart Contracts and Insurance on the Blockchain

Introduction Smart contracts are a new and exciting area in computing science. Their application in finance, gambling, e-commerce, and automation of various tasks that are currently performed semi-manually is very promising. Smart contract are computer scripts (software) that aid in the self-execution and self-enforcement of traditional contracts. For the first time in history money or more precisely digital tokens, like bitcoin, are native to these software contracts, opening up wide areas of possibilities. Having money as a native type available to a computer program is a big deal. It allows the removal of the whole complicated layer of payment processing that current websites, apps, and other software systems have to deal with. One area that might benefit immensely from smart

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Rootstock – Smart Contracts on the Bitcoin Blockchain

by Albert Szmigielski As a concept the Rootstock [1] platform is one of those ideas that once it is proposed it is obvious that it is a great idea. Essentially Rootstock aims to be what Ethereum is, a decentralized, Turing-complete smart contract platform. However, Rootstock aims to utilize the Bitcoin ecosystem rather than creating a new one from scratch. The way this will be accomplished is via the still not fully implemented sidechains technology [2]. This approach presents both advantages, and its own set of challenges. We will briefly outline what the Rootstock platform promises to offer and then will discuss the main points of the proposal. Smart Contract Platform Smart contracts are an active area of interest and research.

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